Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women, but very few people are aware of the warning signs.
What women should know
Dr Eugenia Gianos, head of women’s cardiology at Lenox Hill Hospital, said: “It is disappointing that young women are less likely to have a healthy-heart life style in 2019 than in 2009. This is due to the lack of awareness about heart disease as a result of the increased mortality rate of heart disease that were found in young women.
Symptoms of a heart attack
When women have a heart attack, they may have different symptoms compared to men. While chest discomfort is common, they may have other symptoms that are less related to a heart attack, including: dizziness, shortness of breath, or nausea.
Other symptoms include:
• Pain or discomfort in the jaw, stomach, or both arms
• Cold sweats
• Shortness of breath, with or without chest pain
• Chest pain
But even if women do not have these risk factors, there are still measures to ensure they are planning a heart-healthy lifestyle.
Risk mitigation methods
Fortunately, there are some active measures that all women can take every day to help reduce their risk of heart disease. Some measures include:
Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, low in fat, cholesterol, salt and added sugar.
• Drink alcohol in moderation.
• Stress management
• Understand your family history of illness
• Learn about the ABCS of heart health, such as:
– The use of aspirin is suitable for those who need it.
– Blood pressure management
– Cholesterol management
– Quit smoking