Children can also be at risk for diabetes. How can they get this disease?
Diabetes is a chronic condition in which blood sugar levels build up in your bloodstream. Insulin helps move glucose from your blood to cells in the body that are used for energy.
For type2 diabetes, your body becomes resistant to insulin. Your body is no longer using the hormone efficiently. This forces your pancreas to work harder to make more insulin
In the later stages of the disease, your body may not be able to produce enough insulin. Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can cause chronic high blood sugar levels, cause some symptoms and can lead to serious complications.
The causes of this problem are complex, but the risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:
• Overweight or have a body mass index over 85%
• Birth weight 4 kg or more
• Born to a mother with gestational diabetes
• Have a close family member with type 2 diabetes
• Have a sedentary lifestyle
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children are the same as in adults, including:
• Excessive thirst or hunger
• Frequent urination
• Wounds heal slowly
• Frequent infections
• Blurred vision
• Dull skin
See a pediatrician immediately if your child has any of these symptoms. In 2018, the ADA recommended that all children who were overweight and at risk for pre-diabetes should be tested for the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
A blood glucose test can show high blood sugar levels. The A1C hemoglobin test can provide additional information about the average blood sugar level in a few months. Your baby may also need a blood glucose test. If your child is diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will determine if it is type 1 or type 2 before doing any specific treatment.
You can help reduce your child’s risk by encouraging them to eat well and get regular physical activity. Seek to understand more about type 2 diabetes, its effects, and how it is common in non-adult diabetic.
Article by: Health.D Cam