Ever wondered what happens during menstruation when a girl jumps into puberty? Some girls may want to talk to their mom, sister or father about it. But when saying the word “menstruation” most girls are shy. Actually, it does not matter. Everyone is shy when it comes to bodily functions, especially the menstrual cycle. So, this article will help to answer girls’ questions about their menstruation.
What is menstruation?
Immediately after turning into puberty, about 2 years after the development of breasts (enlarged breasts), menstruation also begins. Menstruation usually begins when a girl is between 12 to 13 years old. But it can happen at a younger age or older.
Each menstrual cycle lasts about four weeks, starting on the first day of menstruation and ending when the next menstrual cycle begins. However, menstruation can change when girls start their first period. It can skip months or come several times a month at first.
Menstruation is discharged from uterus through the vagina. The uterus is an oval-shaped hollow organ that maintains and nourishes the embryo and fetus during pregnancy. The vagina, or “birth canal,” provides a passage for fluid, such as menstrual blood, to flow out of the body. Menstruation lasts for two to three days or more, depending on the condition of each girl. The amount of monthly menstrual blood is about 4 to 12 spoons.
How will girls feel during menstruation?
A few days before and during menstruation, a girl may feel cramps and bloating. Cramps are caused by an increase in hormone production. These hormones (called prostaglandins) cause the muscles of the uterus to weaken. Many teenage girls also experience pain in the upper thighs along with lower back pain. Some also experience nausea, diarrhea, irritability, headaches and fatigue.
To make it easier to deal with cramps, try warming your abdomen with hot water bottle. Taking a warm bath and exercising can also help. Exercise improves blood flow and produces endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers.
Hygiene during menstruation
During menstruation, girls need to take frequent showers, change their sanitary pad two to three times a day, and eat nutritious foods such as vegetables, fruits, fish, meat, bean and so on.
Article by: Health.D Cam
Source: WEB MD