What is Stroke? | Health.D Cam

October 15, 20204min190
What-is-Stroke

Stroke is a vicious disease that can be fatal. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that Stroke kills 15 million people worldwide each year. The third biggest killer who killed his people.
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is suspended or reduced. When this happens, the brain does not get enough oxygen or nutrients, which causes brain cells to die. Urgent treatment for cerebrovascular accident is to go to a specialist hospital as soon as possible.

The treatment procedure
The process of treating cerebral ischemia requires the rapid identification of the symptoms of the disease by the patient himself or by those around him. Refer the patient to the hospital as soon as possible within the first 4 hours, in which case the patient’s stroke will be successfully treated accordingly.

Stroke is divided into three types:
1. Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA) that can occur in the first 24 hours
2. Ischemic Stroke 85%
3. Hemorrhagic Stroke 15%

Why stroke happen?
The main causes of this disease are:
1. High cholesterol
2. Increased arterial pressure
3. Stroke or blockage due to blood clots
4. Atherosclerosis in old age
5. Diabetes Crisis

Stroke Rate
A total of 15,000,000 people suffers from stroke each year, and about 6,000,000 people die from the disease, and about 500,000 die from the disease. And more than 85% of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

Stroke in Cambodia
Stroke is the leading cause of death in Cambodia. At least 11,149 people die from the disease each year.

Risk factors of stroke
• Aging factors on obesity
• Drinking alcohol, smoking
• High blood pressure
• Diabetes
• Obesity, weight gain
• Eat salty
• Stress
• Lack of exercise
• People with heart disease

Symptoms
• Difficulty speaking immediately or slurred speech
• Immediate crookedness
• Unable to walk, weak in one arm
• Sudden severe headache
• Anesthesia of hands and feet
• Dizziness

Treatment
Your doctor will determine treatment options based on type of stroke, stage, and level:
1. Use anticoagulants
2. Surgery
3. Physical therapy

Protection
• High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke. Talk to your doctor about how to keep your blood pressure from getting too high.
• Controlling alcohol and drug use can also control risk factors for the disease.
• Drink alcohol in moderation and avoid using any drugs
• Exercise regularly, eat right, eat vegetables, fruits
• Do not eat foods that are high in fat or salt.

Article by: Dr. Chan Dara, MD&DTMH, Specialist Doctor on Communicable Disease and Internal Medicine at DR Medical Clinic
Source: Whorl Health Organization. WHO

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