Everyone can get depressed for different reasons and at different times, such as students in schooling, parents losing a beloved child, a woman who has just given birth, a couple with problems in the family or a romantic partner cheated and so on. Many people mistakenly think that depression is a bad feeling or that they are too worried about something.
Of course, depression is a feeling that transcends anxiety, fear, or sadness in the heart, but it is a feeling that affects all aspects of our lives, such as thoughts, actions, and activities in society. There are many forms of depression that we should consider to understand the root cause of the problem and be able to find a better solution. Here are some common types of depression you may experience:
- Major Depression
If you are suffering from severe depression, you may feel and see symptoms of sadness, despair, laziness, loss of interest in pleasant activities, lack of energy, irritability, changes in sleep or eating habits, physical pain, and suicidal thoughts, and so on. Dr. Halaris in the United States explains that the best treatment is usually to take antidepressants, but speech therapy can also be used to treat depression. And about 80 to 90 percent of people with severe depression recover after treatment.
- Acute Depression (Dysthymia)
Dysthymia is a type of depression that causes feelings of depression for a period of a year or more. “The patient may be able to function normally but may not be effective.” Said Dr. Halaris. Symptoms of this condition include sadness, mood swings, fatigue, and changes in sleep and appetite. This type of depression usually requires speech therapy rather than medication, although some studies have shown that combining medication with speech therapy may lead to optimal results.
- Postpartum Depression
Postpartum depression is characterized by feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, fatigue, loneliness, despair, suicidal thoughts, fear of hurting the baby, and feelings of separation. This type of depression can occur anywhere from one week to several months after childbirth.
“It lasts almost a year after a woman gives birth,” said Dr. Hallaris. “It requires medical care and experience of care, which includes talking and medication,” he says.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenopausal dementia (PMDD) is a type of depression that affects women during the fertile period (an average of 14 days) of their menstrual cycle. Symptoms include depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Dr. Halaris said, PMDD can affect a woman’s relationships and their ability to function normally at the onset of symptoms. Treatment for this type of depression can include antidepressants as well as speech therapy and nutritional therapy.
- Situational Depression
The disease is caused by stressful events or changes in life conditions, such as job loss, the death of a loved one, trauma, or even the most painful breakup. Depression in this condition is about three times greater than in severe depression, and medication is rare because it goes away when the condition or event is over. However, this does not mean that it should be ignored. Symptoms of depression can include sadness, anxiety, or extreme anxiety, and if left untreated, they can reach warning signs of severe depression.
Article by: Health.D Cam
Source: EVERYDAY HEALTH