Real cause of infertility you should know | Health.D Cam

November 16, 20208min610

Definition of infertility
A diagnosis of infertility means you are not pregnant after a year of trying. If you are a woman over 35, that means you cannot get pregnant after six months of testing. Women who are able to conceive but are unable to pregnant for one month may also be diagnosed with infertility.

Infertility is not just a woman’s problem. Men may also be unable to conceive. In fact, both men and women can face infertility. According to the Women’s Health Office, about one-third of infertility cases can be defined as female infertility, while male issues account for one-third of infertility cases. The other third case is caused by both men and women or do not know the exact cause.

The causes of male infertility:
• Effective sperm production
• Sperm count (number of sperm)
• Shape of sperm
• Sperm movement, which includes both wiggling motion of the sperm themselves and the transport of the sperm through the tubes of the male reproductive system
In addition, there are other risk factors such as: health status and use of drugs that can affect fertility.

Risk factors contributing to infertility
Risk factors associated with infertility in men include:
• Aging
• Smoking
• Heavy alcohol consumption
• Overweight or obese
• Exposure to toxins such as pesticides, herbicides and heavy metals

The causes of female infertility:
Women’s infertility can be caused by many factors that affect or disrupt the following biological processes:
• Ovulation When an adult egg is released from the ovary
• Fertilization that occurs when a sperm meets an ovum in the uterine sleeve after passing through the cervix and uterus.
• Implantation, which occurs when a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus where it can grow and develop into a baby.

Risk factors contributing to infertility:
Risk factors for infertility in women include:
• Older age
• Smoking
• Heavy alcohol consumption
• Overweight or obese
• Have a sexually transmitted disease that can damage the reproductive system

Infertility test
If you are trying to conceive and are unable to do so, you may be wondering when you should plan to see a doctor. Seek to find out which tests you will do to assess your fertility with your partner.

For men:
Men should plan to see a doctor after one year of trying to conceive or if you have any of the following problems:
• Loss of penile function (impotence)
• Problems with ejaculation, such as premature ejaculation or retrograde ejaculation
• Weak sexual desire
• Pain or swelling in the genital area
• Having surgery in the genital area

When seeking counseling, your doctor will ask you about your medical history. They will ask about your general health, sexual history and factors that may affect your fertility. They also need to do physical examinations, such as your genitals, for functional abnormalities or lumps.

Semen analysis may be performed. Your doctor will ask you to provide your semen sample. The sample will then be examined in a laboratory to see how many sperm there are and whether the sperm are normal in shape and moving properly.
Depending on the results of the initial semen analysis, your doctor may perform additional tests, such as:
• Hormone testing
• Ultrasound test of the genitals
• Genetic testing

For women:
Women’s fertility begins to decline after the age of 30. Women under the age of 35 should see a doctor after one year of trying to conceive, while women over the age of 35 should see a doctor after six months of trying.
Your doctor will check your medical history first. They will ask about your health status, sexual history and conditions or diseases that can cause infertility. They will then examine your pelvic area for abnormalities such as neuropathy or conditions such as endometriosis or PID.

Your doctor will want to know if you are ovulating every month. This can be determined by an ovulation test kit at home or by a blood test at the hospital. Ultrasound can also be used to examine the ovaries and uterus.

Other common tests for women include:
• Hysterosalpingography, which is an X-ray, is used to evaluate the fallopian tubes and uterus
• Laparoscopy that uses a camera to examine internal organs
• A backup ovulation test that uses a combination of hormonal tests to determine a woman’s potential for pregnancy.


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