Gingivitis is one of the most common diseases after tooth decay. This condition can cause redness of the gums around the teeth and may cause minor bleeding when brushing or biting.
1.Causes of Gingivitis
One of the main causes is caused by bacteria in the limescale that surround the teeth for a long time. Other causes can be from bumps, chemicals, dentures, incorrect technique.
2.Other causes and risk cases
Hormonal changes: It can occur in adulthood, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.
Other diseases such as: Diabetes, AIDS, Cancer and people with weakened immune system.
Long-term use of medications such as: antibiotics, phenytoin, anti-angina Smoking: In general, smoking causes a thicker, more sticky lime, age factor. As you get older, you become more susceptible to this disease due to a weakened immune system. Lack of food such as: Vitamin C deficiency.
3.Symptoms of Gingivitis
• Redness of the gums
• Swelling of the gums
• Easy to bleed when hit
• There is pus in the gums
• Bad breath and pain
4.Treatment of Gingivitis
The treatment of gingivitis is absolutely that we need to see a specialist dentist to find out the real cause of this condition and the right treatment from a specialist. Usually, if you go to the dentist on time, your gums will return to normal.
5.How to prevent gum disease
• Clean your teeth regularly
• Brush your teeth properly at least twice a day
• Use a floss to clean limescale or food stuck between teeth
• Use mouthwash regularly
• Eat healthy food
• Drink plenty of water a day
• Make an appointment with a dentist every 4 to 6 months to check and clean the plaque
6.Complications if not treated
If you do not go to the dentist on time, it will develop into inflammation of the tissues around the teeth, which can cause the gums and bones around our teeth to shrink, causing the teeth to shake.
Article by: Dr. Touch Koung, Doctor of Dental Surgery at Panhaboth Dental Clinic
Source: MEDICAL NEWS TODAY